543_555_W

Psychiatr. Pol. 2018; 52(3): 543–555

DOI: https://doi.org/10.12740/PP/73837

Magdalena Witt, Bogusław Stelcer, Marta Czarnecka-Iwańczuk

FREE POLISH FULLTEXT:
Styl radzenia sobie ze stresem u strażaków narażonych na ciężki stres

FREE ENGLISH FULLTEXT:

Stress coping styles in firemen exposed to severe stress


Summary
Aim. Emergency service workers such as firemen are exposed to severe stress, which may result in deteriorated functioning and development of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). The aim of the presented study was to assess the stress coping styles of firemen exposed to severe stress, the prevalence of PTSD symptoms, and the correlation between them.
Material and methods. The study was carried out in a group of 147 Polish firemen. Two questionnaires were used: the Coping Inventory for Stressful Situations (CISS) and the PTSD Interview (PTSD-I) in the Polish language version (K-PTSD).
Results. The firemen most frequently demonstrate attempts of active coping with stress tension (M = 56 for TOC), whereas the methods involving focusing on oneself and one’s negative emotional experiences are the least popular (M = 31 for EOS; and M = 40 AOS). The ability to involve in the active coping strategies (task-oriented coping, TOC), distinctly differentiated forty-year-olds from the subjects in their twenties; (p = 0.0330) H(2,N = 147) = 6.62. Acorrelation between the increase of emotional tension and the tendency to undertake coping strategies focused on emotion was observed in the study group, Z = (-2.75) (p = 0.005).
Conclusions. Nearly one third of the investigated group of firemen suffered from symptoms of PTSD, with the stress coping strategy most often observed in that subgroup being style focused on avoidance. Age proved to be a factor associated with the readiness to undertake behavioral measures to cope with stress tension; such behavior tends to be undertaken by older firemen.


ISSN 0033-2674 (PRINT)

ISSN 2391-5854 (ONLINE)


Psychiatria Polska
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