Psychiatr. Pol. 2015; 49(4): 697–708
Zbigniew Gierlotka, Jarosław Sobiś, Hanna Misiołek, Łukasz Kunert,
Aleksandra Misiołek, Piotr W. Gorczyca
FREE POLISH FULLTEXT:
Zależności między różnymi wymiarami temperamentu a stężeniami wybranych cytokin i zespołem stresu pourazowego powstałym u mężczyzn po urazach mechanicznych kończyn dolnych
FREE ENGLISH FULLTEXT:
Relationships between various temperament dimensions, levels of selected cytokines and Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) in males, incurred as a result of mechanical injuries of lower extremities
This analysis addresses the relationships between various temperament dimensions, levels of selected cytokines and PTSD in males, incurred as a result of mechanical injuries of lower extremities.
PTSD was assessed with a PTSD Factorial Version Inventory. Temperamental traits were evaluated by means of Formal Characteristics of Behaviour – Temperament Inventory (FCB-TI). Cytokine levels were determined using ELISA kits. The study population was selected from among a larger population of 80 persons. 15 persons with signs of inflammation were excluded. PTSD group included 33 persons, 32 subjects were included in the control group.
Positive statistical correlation with PTSD was observed for: perseverance and emotional reactivity. On the other hand, negative relationship was shown between PTSD and: briskness, endurance and activity. No statistically significant correlations were revealed between the levels of selected cytokines (sIL-2, IL-6, IL-10, TNF-alpha & IFN-gamma) and temperamental traits. Moreover, this study investigates the relationships between temperamental traits, PTSD and various personality dimensions.
1. Patients with temperamental traits such as high perseverance and emotional reactivity had a greater risk of PTSD. 2. Patients with temperamental traits such as high briskness, endurance and activity had lower risk of PTSD. 3. The level of cytokines (sIL-2, IL-6, IL-10, TNF-alpha, IFN-gamma) was not dependent on the temperamental traits.