81_92_S

Psychiatr. Pol. 2018; 52(1): 81–92

DOI: https://doi.org/10.12740/PP/82196

Justyna Sipowicz, Ryszard Kujawski

FREE POLISH FULLTEXT:

Kleptomania czy kradzież pospolita – trudności diagnostyczno-orzecznicze

FREE ENGLISH FULLTEXT:
Kleptomania or common theft – diagnostic and judicial difficulties

Summary
First descriptions of kleptomania as a mental disorder date back to the nineteenth century. For the first time, kleptomania as an accompanying symptom rather than a formal diagnosis was included in the classification of psychiatric disorders of the American Psychiatric Association DSM-I in 1952. It was included in the International Classification of Diseases ICD-10 and classified under “habit and impulse disorders”. Kleptomania is a serious disorder, as numerous thefts are impulsively carried out, carrying the risk of detection and consequently criminal liability. In Poland, we lack epidemiological data, however, it is estimated that 5% of those who commit theft are affected by kleptomania. People suffering from this disorder often do not seek a medical opinion so reviewing such cases is challenging for expert psychiatrists. The authors have proposed the term “kleptomania spectrum” for defining cases in which patients have an intense urge to steal, experienced a sense of tension from such an action, and relief following it, however, the criterion of theft of a superfluous object, without a profitable motive for themselves or others is not met.




ISSN 0033-2674 (PRINT)

ISSN 2391-5854 (ONLINE)


Psychiatria Polska
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Zadanie finansowane
w ramach umowy
nr 739/P-DUN/2018
ze środków MNiSW
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