Online First Nr177

Psychiatr. Pol. ONLINE FIRST Nr 177: 1–14

Published ahead of print 10 June 2020

Klaudia Suligowska, Magdalena Mikietyńska,
Anna Pakalska-Korcala, Tomasz Wolańczyk,
Maria Prośba-Mackiewicz, Tomasz Zdrojewski
Aim. The aim of the study was to compare the prevalence of parafunctions and signs and symptoms of TMD in a population group of children with and without ADHD. 
Material and methods. The study included all 5th grade children of all public primary schools in Sopot (untreated, unguided children). The reporting rate was 91%. At the first stage of the psychological-psychiatric study both parents and children filled in the CBCL and SR questionnaires. At the next stage, in the group of children selected during the screening, a qualified child psychiatrist conducted a semi-structured diagnostic interview K-SADS-PL and diagnosed ADHD. Parafunctions, signs and symptoms of TMD were assessed by conducting a direct interview with a child and a clinical examination by a dentist.
Results. There were significant differences (p < 0.05) between children with ADHD and without ADHD associated with parafunctions such as chewing gum (76.47% vs. 46.07%), nail biting (70.59% vs. 40.45%) and bruxism (52.54% vs. 26.22%), the number of signs and symptoms of TMD (1 sign or symptom 0.0% vs. 32.21%; 4–7 signs or symptoms 17.65% vs. 3.75%).
Conclusions. In children with ADHD, symptoms of temporomandibular joint disorders and parafunctions were significantly more frequent. These studies suggest that children with ADHD constitute a group of increased risk for TMD in the future. Interdisciplinary treatment of an ADHD patient by a psychiatrist and a dentist is necessary.

ISSN 0033-2674 (PRINT)

ISSN 2391-5854 (ONLINE)

Psychiatria Polska
is an Open Access journal:
Creative Commons: CC-BY

Zadanie finansowane
w ramach umowy
nr 739/P-DUN/2018
ze środków MNiSW
na działalność
upowszechniającą naukę

KRW PTP dziękuje 
firmie PPL – Koral – J.Koral sp.j.
za wsparcie finansowe 
udzielone w 2020 roku

Inne strony PTP:
Other PTP websites:

Psychiatria Polska
Thomson Reuters Master List
Science Citation Index Expanded
Journal Citation Reports
(Impact Factor 1,596)

Medline/Index Medicus
MNiSW (100 pkt)
CiteScore 2,4
(SJR 0,414; SNIP 0,707)
EMBASE/Excerpta Medica
Index Copernicus
Erih Plus, Cochrane Library

We recommend:

Pharmacological Reports


KONTAKT Z REDAKCJĄ - wyłącznie e-mail: 

Biuro KRW PTP - prenumeraty, faktury - wyłącznie e-mail: