Online First Nr212

Psychiatr. Pol. ONLINE FIRST Nr 212: 1–15
Published ahead of print 26 January 2021
Anna Kaźmierczak-Mytkowska, Agnieszka Butwicka,
Kamil Dante Lucci, Tomasz Wolańczyk, Anita Bryńska
Objectives. To assess attachment styles among adolescents (13–16 years) with ADHD or ADHD and oppositional defiant disorders (ODD).
Material and methods. The Parents and Peers Attachment (IPPA) and the Parent Bonding Questionnaire (PBI) were used in three groups of teenagers raised in biological families: (1) ADHD/ODD group (n = 40), (2) ADHD group (n = 40) and (3) K (control) group of teenagers (n = 40) who have not benefited from psychological or psychiatric care in the past or at present.
Results. Parental attachment styles in the area of “Trust”, “Communication” and “Alienation” (IPPA), and “Care” and “Control” (PBI) in the ADHD/ODD group differ significantly compared to the control group. Teens from the ADHD/ODD group report to have experienced significantly less “Trust” and “Communication” (IPPA), and “Care” (PBI) in relationships with parents and more “Alienation” (IPPA) and “Control” (PBI) than adolescents in the ADHD group. Attachment patterns with peers in both clinical and control groups differ significantly. The ADHD/ODD group is dominated by the anxious-avoidant style of attachment to the mother and father, in the ADHD group, a secure style in relation to the mother and anxiousavoidant in relation to the father. In relations with peers in the ADHD/ODD group and the ADHD group, the anxious-avoidant style dominates.
Conclusions. The attachment style is significantly different in adolescents diagnosed with ADHD and ODD than in adolescents with only ADHD. In the ADHD/ODD group and the ADHD group, unlike in the group of adolescents without a psychiatric diagnosis, insecure attachment styles for parents and peers dominate (mainly anxious-avoidant style).

ISSN 0033-2674 (PRINT)

ISSN 2391-5854 (ONLINE)

Psychiatria Polska
is an Open Access journal:
Creative Commons: CC-BY

Zadanie finansowane
w ramach umowy
nr 739/P-DUN/2018
ze środków MNiSW
na działalność
upowszechniającą naukę

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udzielone w 2020 roku

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