Online First Nr40
Psychiatr. Pol. ONLINE FIRST Nr 40
Published ahead of print 23 February, 2016
Jan Chodkiewicz, Joanna Miniszewska, Dorota Strzelczyk, Krzysztof Gąsior
FREE POLISH FULLTEXT:
Polska adaptacja Skali Bólu Psychicznego Ronalda Holdena i współpracowników
FREE ENGLISH FULLTEXT:
Polish adaptation of the Psychache Scale by Ronald Holden and co-workers
The conducted study was aimed at making a Polish adaptation of the Scale of Psychache by Ronald Holden and co-workers. The scale is a self-assessment method which comprises 13 statements and is designed to assess subjectively experienced psychological pain.
300 persons were examined – undergraduates and postgraduates of the University of Lodz and the Technical University of Lodz. The group of the study participants consisted of 185 women and 115 men. Moreover, there were examined 150 alcohol addicted men, 50 co-addicted women and 50 major depressive episode (MDE) patients.
The Polish version of the Scale is a reliable and valid tool. The exploratory and confirmatory factor analysis has proved the existence of one factor. The internal consistency, assessed on the basis of Cronbach’s alpha, equalled 0.93. The method displays positive and statistically significant relationships to levels of depression, hopelessness, anxiety, anhedonia and negative relations to levels of optimism, life satisfaction, and positive orientation. Alcohol addicted men with presently diagnosed suicidal thoughts were characterised by a significantly higher level of psychological pain as compared to alcoholics without such thoughts. A higher level of psychache was also reported in people with depression who have a history of attempted suicide compared with those who have not attempted suicide.
The effect of the conducted adaptation works on the Psychache Scale speaks for recommending the method for scientific research and use in therapeutic practice.