Online First Nr82

Psychiatr. Pol. ONLINE FIRST Nr 82: 1-12

Published ahead of print 30 September 2017


Justyna Oettingen, Jan Chodkiewicz, Dorota Mącik, Ewa Gruszczyńska

Polska adaptacja i walidacja krótkiej wersji Kwestionariusza Schematów Younga (YSQ-S3-PL)

Polish adaptation of the The Young Schema Questionnaire 3 Short Form (YSQ-S3-PL)

Aim. The aim of the study was to prepare the Polish adaptation of the Young Schema Questionnaire S3-PL. The scale is a self-assessment tool designed to measure 18 early maladaptive schemas.
Method. The sample consists of 1,529 adults (927 women and 585 men), aged 18–85 years (mean age was 32 years), from non-clinical groups.
Results. After language validation the internal consistency was assessed. The Cronbach’s alpha ranged from 0.62 (Entitlement/grandiosity) to 0.81 (Failure), and it was 0.96 for total score. The best solution obtained in exploratory factor analysis was an eight-factor model, instead of the assumed 18-factor structure. Confirmatory factor analysis also did not fully supported Young’s theoretical model. From all the tested models, bi-factor model (i.e., one generic factor and correlated specific factors – schemas) fitted the data best. In accordance with this model schema variance is explained concurrently by generic and specific factors; generic factor explains most of the Defectiveness variance, while only slightly – Self-sacrifice variance. Convergent validity analysis confirmes positive medium correlations with scales measuring psychopathology. Similarly, negative correlations with self-efficacy and optimism indicate good divergent validity.
Conclusions. The psychometric characteristics of the Polish adaptation of the YSQ-S3-PL is similar to those reported for other language versions. The results allow to recommend the method for scientific research. However, using it in therapeutic practice needs caution – especially in the case of clinical diagnosis. Further analyses are necessary to assess criterion validity and discriminative power in clinical settings.

ISSN 0033-2674 (PRINT)

ISSN 2391-5854 (ONLINE)

Psychiatria Polska
is an Open Access journal:
Creative Commons: CC-BY

Zadanie finansowane
w ramach umowy
nr 739/P-DUN/2018
ze środków MNiSW
na działalność
upowszechniającą naukę

KRW PTP dziękuje 
firmie PPL – Koral – J.Koral sp.j.
za wsparcie finansowe 
udzielone w 2020 roku

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