Online First Nr197

Psychiatr. Pol. ONLINE FIRST Nr 197: 1–17
 
Published ahead of print 15 November 2020
 
 
Kamila Lenkiewicz, Łukasz Konowałek, Anita Bryńska

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Summary
Aim. Assessment of criterion validity and temporal stability of personality disorder diagnosis in adolescents and relationships between attachment styles and personality disorder diagnosis.
Material and methods. 50 adolescents (46 girls and 4 boys, aged 15–17) hospitalized at the department of child and adolescent psychiatry were assessed with the Structured Clinical Interview for DSM-IV Axis II Personality Disorders (SCID-II) and the Inventory of Parent and Peer Attachment (IPPA). After one year, adolescents meeting the criteria for a personality disorder (PD) diagnosis were reassessed with the SCID-II.
Results. In the first stage of assessment, diagnostic criteria for different types of personality disorders were met by 41 adolescents (82%) (mean number of criteria = 5.9). Criteria were met most often for borderline personality disorder (BPD) (n = 26; mean number of criteria = 7.9). In the second stage of assessment, the interview was re-administered to 21 (51%) adolescents; the mean number of criteria was = 6.6. A statistically significant relationship between the number of PD diagnostic criteria in assessment one and the number of criteria in assessment two was obtained (r = 0.58; p < 0.01). 82% of the participants with PD were insecurely attached to their mothers. In the borderline group, 83% of the participants reported anxious-avoidant attachment style.
Conclusions. PD traits in adolescence, specifically BPD, are stable across one year.

ISSN 0033-2674 (PRINT)

ISSN 2391-5854 (ONLINE)


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