Online First Nr218

Psychiatr. Pol. ONLINE FIRST Nr 218: 1–17

Published ahead of print 12 March 2021

DOI: https://doi.org/10.12740/PP/OnlineFirst/125782

Marta Makara-Studzińska, Maciej Załuski, Paweł Jagielski,
Adam Czabański, Katarzyna Cyranka

FREE POLISH FULLTEXT:

Dynamika zmian częstotliwości samobójstw na kolei w Polsce – próba analizy epidemiologicznej


FREE ENGLISH FULLTEXT:
Dynamics of suicidal frequency changes within the Poland rail system – an attempt of epidemiological analyzes
 
Summary
Aim: The analysis presented in the article is the first study of suicide on railway tracks in Poland.
Methods: An epidemiological assessment was conducted, study type: case series, population-based with use of the data from the National Police Headquarters. The rates of railway suicides in Poland in the years 2007–2018 were compared to the overall number of suicides in Poland and in the Europe.
Results: In 2007–2018, the average share of deaths by railway suicide in the overall number of suicides committed in Poland amounted to 2.06%. Between the years: 1999 –2018 there is a growing number of railway suicide attempts and railway suicide attempts without deaths. Since 2012, an increase of suicide attempts on railway tracks, along with a constant number of suicide deaths, has been observed. In 2017–2018, throwing oneself under a train to end one’s life was the third most commonly chosen method in Poland. Although it accounted for only a small percentage of all methods of suicide, it was chosen relatively more often than in other European countries.
Conclusions: Poland belongs to a small group of European countries where the number of deaths by suicide has displayed an upward tendency in the course of 20 years. There is a growing number of unsuccessful railway suicide attempts. The index of deaths on railway tracks in Poland, was considerably higher than the average index for the EU.

ISSN 0033-2674 (PRINT)

ISSN 2391-5854 (ONLINE)


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